|Priority 7 – Developing World Class Water Science
- Take the Lead on Water Science and Monitoring
- Make Science Publicly Accessible and Understandable
Effective water governance depends on detailed, current, and publicly accessible information about water quality, quantity, climate change impacts, water flows and availability, urban, industrial and agricultural use, groundwater resources, sediment transport and ecosystem needs for water. Concerns over water issues in Canada are increasing, yet the quantity and currency of information are eroding. The number of groundwater observation wells has declined, flow measurement stations on main tributaries have been largely removed due to lack of funding, and surface water and precipitation monitoring systems are poorly resourced, designed and coordinated.
Action 23: Create National Water Inventories and Ensure All Major Aquifers Are Mapped.
- Place a high priority on strengthening ResEau to provide accessible inventories of national water quality, water availability, and water use for surface and ground water.
- Ensure that all major aquifers in Canada are mapped by 2010.
- Work with industry and provinces to develop guidelines to ensure high quality water data is collected and reported in a consistent manner across the country.
Action 24: Commit to Long-term Investment in Strengthening Scientific Capacity.
- Dedicate additional capacity—financial, technical, staff – to federal water research institutes and ensure their research is independent of political pressures.
- Increase the number of flow monitoring stations, observation wells and water quality testing sites. Conduct long-term studies of water quantity and quality.
Action 25: Facilitate Scientifically-Informed Decision Making at the Local Level.
- Assist communities, local organizations, and citizens with interpreting and utilizing scientific information by developing and supplying simple, automated, interactive tools to help them examine options and reach rational decisions.
Go to Priority Seven resources.